Let's Talk Medicine
Source: ALPF Medical Research
Acute inflammation of the lacrimal gland is a rare disorder characterized by intense inflammation and extreme tenderness to palpation. Etiology: The disorder is often attributable to pneumococci and staphylo-cocci, and less frequently to streptococci. There may be a relationship between the disorder and infectious diseases such as mumps, measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria, and influenza.
Symptoms and diagnostic considerations: Acute dacryoadenitis usually occurs unilaterally. The inflamed swollen gland is especially tender to palpation.
H The upper eyelid exhibits a characteristic S-curve (Fig. 3.12). Differential diagnosis:
Treatment: This will depend on the underlying disorder. Moist heat, disinfectant compresses (Rivanol), and local antibiotics are helpful. Clinical course and prognosis: Acute inflammation of the lacrimal gland is characterized by a rapid clinical course and spontaneous healing within eight to ten days. The prognosis is good, and complications are not usually to be expected.